Liver is considered as the largest organs and the largest gland in the human body. This vital organ carries out for more than 500 distinct roles in the human body. And this is the only organ that can regenerate.
There are 3 vital functions of liver, they are;
- Detoxification- It filters the blood to remove large toxins, synthesizes and secretes bile full of cholesterol and other fat-soluble toxins, and enzymatically disassembles unwanted chemicals.
- Synthesis- It produces or transforms millions of protein molecules each day. Proteins are made from amino acids.
- Storage- The liver stores vitamins (A, D, E, and K) and glycogens(carbohydrates) meaning it stores energy like sugar and makes it available to our organism when needed.
A liver function test measures the levels of proteins, bilirubin, and liver enzymes in the blood by determining the health of your liver. Depending on the test, either higher-or lower-than-normal levels of these enzymes/ proteins, can indicate a problem with your liver.
A liver function test is recommended in the following situations:
- If you drink alcohol heavily
- If you have gallbladder disease
- If you are experiencing symptoms of liver disorder.
- To monitor the side effects of certain medications
- To check damage from liver infections
- If you have diabetes, Anemia or high blood pressure
What is being measured?
- Alanine transaminase (ALT)– measure enzymes that your liver releases in response to damage or disease.
- Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)– measure enzymes that your liver releases in response to damage or disease.
- Alkaline phosphatase (ALP)– used to evaluate the bile duct system of the liver
- Albumin– measures how well the liver creates albumin
- Bilirubin– measures how well it disposes of bilirubin
Symptoms of a liver disorder includes:
Some of its symptoms are;
- Abdominal pain
- Discolored bodily discharge
- Ascites (fluid collection in the abdomen)
Gogodoc also provides an educational series of information on various blood tests (*intended for educational purposes only. If you are experiencing symptoms, please reach out to book an online GP consultation with a Gogodoc GP.) Talk to a doctor online at a time that suits you from home with a phone or video appointment. You can easily book an appointment with GP.
Book a video consultation today! and get expert advice.