What is a Full blood count (Hematology) Profile?
This test which is also known as a Complete blood count is used to get information about the cells in a person’s blood.
It also measures the concentration of white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets in the blood. Also, the FBC is also performed on those who are healthy as a part of the check-up and is used to check disorders and abnormalities of the blood.
FBC diagnoses conditions such as;
- Bleeding disorders/ cancer
- Varieties of diseases
- Conditions that affect blood cells
What is being measured?
- Red blood cells
- White blood cells
Red blood cells- This is involved in transferring hemoglobin throughout the body, to the tissues, where it delivers oxygen, and to the lungs, where it releases carbon dioxide and is oxygenated again.
High RBC is known as Polycythemia, as this is a type of blood cancer.
Low RBC is known as Anemia and can cause feelings like fatigue and weaknesses.
White blood cells- This is involved in inflammation and the immune response.
High WBC is known as Leukocytosis which is caused by infections, disorders in inflammatory and states of physiological stress.
Low WBC is known as Leukopenia, while people are more responsive to infection.
Platelets- They help your body form clots to stop bleeding.
A high platelet count is known as Thrombocytosis, it occurs in states of inflammation or trauma.
A low platelet count is known as Thrombocytopenia, people with this may experience external bleeding such as nose bleeding/ bleeding gums.
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