Anal Fissure is a condition occurred due to out large or hard stools. This is a linear tear around the opening of your anus.
This can cause a severe pain and bleeding during and after defecation.
Symptoms of fissures can cause discomfort and reduction in quality of life.
Acute anal fissures- These doesn’t last for more than 6 weeks as they are healed on their own with self-care.
Chronic anal fissures- These last for more than 6 weeks, which means there is a need for medication or maybe even a surgery in order to get recovered.
Most of the time, if the fissures are caused due to constipation, some habits need to be changed. These steps may help in relieving the symptoms and looking forward in healing.
Some of the healthy habits include;
- Staying hydrated- Drink plenty of caffein free fluids throughout the day.
- Do not sit too long on the toilet.
- Gently clean and dry your anal area after defecation.
- Do not constipate, which means don’t ignore your urge to go.
- Increase the intake of fiber- supplements.
- Eat fiber-rich diet in order to avoid constipation. Such as: Peas and Beans, Cereals, whole grains, citrus fruits, oats, wheat brans.
Medications for treating and fissures;
- Nitrate ointment
- Botox injection
Surgery for anal fissures
Surgery is done when other forms of treatments haven’t worked. This is considered to be the most effective treatment for anal fissures. But it does have some risk complications.
There are some main techniques used in surgery;
1. Lateral sphincterotomy
In here, a small cut in the ring of muscle surrounding the anal canal is done. This helps in healing and reducing the chances of developing any more fissures by reducing the tension in your anal canal. It takes about 2 to 4 weeks for a full recovery.
2. Advancement anal flaps
In here, a healthy tissue from another part of your body is taken and is used to repair the fissure, which will help to improve the blood supply to the site of the fissure.
This is used to treat a chronic anal fissure.
Preventions after an anal fissure surgery
There are some habits you should follow, in order to stop the anal fissure coming back;
- Drink plenty of fluids
- Eat a high fiber diet such as; Fruits, vegetables, wholegrains, breads and cereals
- Taking fiber supplements
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